Elite II (Trifolium alexandrinum) is an erect, late maturing, soft-seeded, Annual Berseem Clover suited for use as a grazing/fodder crop in high rainfall or irrigated environments. Elite II produces slender, hollow, branched stems and trifoliate leaves. It has vigorous winter growth with a spring flush. It is particularly productive on heavy soils and can withstand periods of waterlogging. Berseem Clover, also known as Egyptian Clover, is sometimes referred to as Annual Lucerne because it produces very high quality protein fodder similar to that of Lucerne. The added benefit of Berseem Clover is that it is not known to cause bloat. Elite II can provide multiple grazing or hay cuts from late autumn to late spring. To maximise herbage production stands should be sown in the autumn as early as possible. Elite II provides added benefits as a disease break whilst fixing soil nitrogen.
- Name: Elite II
- Category: Berseem
- Rainfall: 550mm+
- pH: 5.5–8.0
- Maturity: Elite II demonstrates late maturity, flowering approximately 160–190 days after sowing
- Soil Type: Elite II is suited to a wide range of soil types, particularly heavy soils and tolerant to periods of waterlogging
- Inoculant: Group B Rhizobium or Agristrike
- Sowing Rate: 6-10 kg/ha (Pure) 15-20 kg/ha (Irrig) 2-6 kg/ha (Mixes)
- Pest Resistance: Elite II is tolerant to Blue-Green Aphid (Acyrthosiphon kondoi) and Spotted Alfalfa Aphid (Therioaphis trifolii) once established. Like most other Annual Clovers, Elite II is susceptible to Red Legged Earth Mite (Halotydens destructor). Control measures need to take place prior to seeding or soon after germination.
- PBR Elite II has been granted protection under PBR. Unauthorised commercial propagation or any sale, conditioning, export, import or stocking of propagating material of this variety is an infringement under the Plant Breeder’s Rights Act 1994. Seedmark (Seed Technology and Marketing) has an exclusive licence for the production and marketing of Elite II.
- Slender hollow branched stems and trifoliate leaves
- Not known to cause bloat
- Vigorous winter growth with lush growth in spring
- Offers excellent forage quality with multiple fodder cuts or grazing
- Better able to withstand waterlogging than most other winter growing legumes
- Elite II has good tolerance to clover scorch and waterlogging and has excellent winter growth
- Demonstrates outstanding forage quality and the ability for multiple cuts it is highly suitable for grazing and hay/silage systems
- Disease Resistance/Tolerance:
Elite II has tolerance to Clover Scorch (Kabatiella caulivora) however, it may still require chemical applications for control. It is resistant to Phytophthora Root Rot (Phytophthora spp.) and Pythium (Pythium spp.). Elite II does not appear to suffer from any serious leaf diseases which could reduce quality of forage production.
- Variety Management/Agronomy:
Elite II is a soft-seeded variety and is suited to short term rotations. Should regeneration be required, avoid grazing or cutting for hay after flowering.
During establishment care must be taken not to overgraze as this will prematurely thin stands. Elite II can be rotationally grazed or cut for green chop. When grazing, stock should not be allowed to graze out the ‘crown’ as this can damage the plants and reduce plant density. It can be grazed between 2–5 times from late autumn to late spring under good growing conditions and up to six cuts if grown under irrigation. To achieve maximum production it is best to sow paddocks in the very early autumn if possible. Late autumn sowings should be avoided as plants are much slower in their establishment during this period and often don’t provide adequate feed until late winter.